Sleep apnea (sleep apnoea in British English) is a sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing or instances of shallow or infrequent breathing during sleep.
Each pause in breathing, called an apnea, can last for several seconds to several minutes, and may occur 5 to 30 times or more in an hour.
It is more common in men than women, with up to 34% of men and 17% of women having undiagnosed OSA.
Sleep apnea is often diagnosed with an overnight sleep test called a polysomnogram, or sleep study.
Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing during sleep.
The time when the airway collapses causing an interim of suffocation is called an apneic episode, if the obstruction is complete, or hyponeic episode, if it is nearly complete.
“Patients can experience from five to over a hundred episodes an hour, which is extremely detrimental to your health,” says Lin.
Each abnormally shallow breathing event is called a hypopnea.
Sleep apnea is classified as a dyssomnia, meaning abnormal behavior or psychological events occur during sleep.
The brain is signaled to wake the person sleeping and breathe in air.
Breathing normally will restore oxygen levels and the person will fall asleep again.
The specialist: As the director of the Sleep Surgery Center at Mount Sinai, Dr.
Fred Lin is an otolaryngologist who specializes in treating patients surgically for sleep apnea.
Let’s take a look at some of the heart problems that studies have shown sleep apnea can cause: Obstructive sleep apnea is often associated with being overweight, and losing weight can be a cure.