It is a discipline that deals with the origins and development of human societies and the differences between them.The word anthropology is derived from two Greek words: anthropos meaning "man" or "human"; and logos, meaning "thought" or "reason." Anthropologists attempt, by investigating the whole range of human development and behavior, to achieve a total description of cultural and social phenomena.
A fossil is defined as any trace of a past life form.
Thus, although wood, bones, and shells are the most common fossils, under certain conditions soft tissues, tracks and trails, and even coprolites (fossil feces) may be preserved as fossils.
The science of anthropology is divided into two major disciplines, physical anthropology and cultural anthropology.
Each of these is basically an independent science, although specialists in one field frequently consult and cooperate with scholars in the other.
Kinship can refer both to the patterns of social relationships themselves, or it can refer to the study of the patterns of social relationships in one or more human cultures (i.e. Over its history, anthropology has developed a number of related concepts and terms in the study of kinship, such as descent, descent group, lineage, affinity/affine, consanguinity/cognate and fictive kinship.
Further, even within these two broad usages of the term, there are different theoretical approaches.Although most of the fossils that paleontologists study are several thousands to several billions of years old, there is no absolute minimum age for a biological structure to be a fossil.Paleontologists study fossils and attempt to use them to reconstruct the history of the Earth and the life on it.Physical anthropology is generally classified as a natural science, while cultural anthropology is considered a social science.Physical anthropology is concerned with the biological aspects of human beings. This is an informational tour in which students gain a basic understanding of geologic time, the evidence for events in Earth’s history, relative and absolute dating techniques, and the significance of the Geologic Time Scale.